Our School

Grove School serves students in grades K-12 in Durham District School Board.

Grove School, under different names and designations, continues to carry out educational programs for students in need in the Region of Durham. The name under which the school is currently organized originates from a program operating in one small building (Grove Cottage) on the grounds of Whitby Psychiatric Hospital.

Grove School is a dynamic learning centre that grew in size and significance as it continued to meet the growing needs of students throughout the Durham Region. Those needs reflect students unable to function in community schools due to placement in Care, Treatment Custody or Correctional facilities. Integrated students having difficulties in community schools are assisted, supported and directed by Grove teachers on site. Many different agencies offering Care, Treatment, Custody or Correction in Durham have entered into agreements with the Durham District School Board.

Grove teachers work with a minimum of six and a maximum of ten students. These numbers are set by the EDU included in the Memorandum of Understanding negotiated annually with each host agency. Most of the agreements also specify that there is to be a Child Care Worker (C.C.W.), Child and Youth Worker (C.Y.W.) or Correction personnel present in the room to provide treatment, security or both where deemed appropriate.

The Ministry of Education believes that education is an essential ingredient in any Care, Treatment or Correctional program for school-age pupils and that the local school boards are the best agents for the delivery of education programs to these pupils.

Pupils who have been admitted to government approved facilities for Care, Treatment, Custody or Correction must receive the opportunity for an education program. Generally, children between the ages of six and sixteen years of age are considered to be of compulsory school age and are required by the Education Act to attend school.

The Special Education Teachers of Grove strive to provide a secure and stimulating environment. A large number of classrooms are located in various settings from the basement of a house situated in a residential setting to the second floor of an office building or a structure that once housed a variety store. Some classrooms remain attached to the central facility and range in location from a country retreat to a downtown setting in a city.

When the Ministry of Community and Social Services, or Regional Children Aid Society intervene and remove a child from their family for reasons of safety or well-being, this frequently means removal from the community school for a period of time. Grove School has an agreement with several care facilities in the Durham Region to provide educational programs during the child's stay.

Within Durham Region the Ministry of Corrections operates both open custody and closed custody facilities serving youth between the ages of 12 and18 years. Young offenders 16 years of age are in "Phase II" facilities and adolescents younger than 16 years are housed in "Phase I" facilities. Grove School offers educational programs in both types of institutions.

The program is designed to allow the student to continue with their community school curriculum where possible. Grove School teachers establish a positive educational experience for each student. The youth's disposition could vary from a few weeks to over a year.


Treatment facilities and programs address the concerns and courses of action for a child or adolescent in a mental health crisis and requiring treatment. There are both day treatment and residential programs. Grove School works closely with treatment facilities in the Durham Region to deliver educational programs for these students.

Due to the unique objectives of each treatment centre and the varying needs of the students, a Grove teacher approaches the situation addressing both the educational and emotional needs of the student. These objectives are met through the cooperation of the treatment team and the educators.

 Operational Goals
  •  To ensure a safe environment conducive to teaching and learning.
  • To establish clear education plans in support of Care, Treatment and Correctional Facilities expectations.
  • To provide frequent assessment, evaluation and feedback of student performance.
  • To incorporate all aspects of agency and community support.
 Students and Learning
Every student at Grove is special. It's not just a slogan, it's a reality. Both instruction and education plans are tailored to meet the individual needs and abilities of every student. While we maintain the provincial academic expectations, we also must strive to maintain continuity and high standards in regard to treatment-based goals.

Agency Partners

 Chimo Youth & Family Services
Chimo is a not-for-profit Ontario Children’s Mental Health agency licensed and funded under the Child and Family Services Act, administered by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services. Chimo provides intervention services for children, adolescents, and their families who experience severe behavioural, emotional, social and learning problems in their daily life. The Chimo program provides Day Treatment for children and youth between 5-18 years of age and Residential Treatment programs for youth between 12-18 years of age. Referrals by CAS, medical professionals and families.

Chimo Youth & Family Services

 Durham Family Court Clinic

Durham Family Court Clinic (DFCC) has a mandate to provide assessments and service brokerage for youth in conflict with the law appearing before the Durham Family Courts. The Collaborative Day Treatment Program is one of the many programs and services offered by DFCC. This program provides a therapeutic environment for youth experiencing difficulty coping in the education system.  Through individualized therapeutic and academic approaches, the program strives to establish a successful learning experience that will promote the youths’ knowledge, skills and values to enhance their life options.  DFCC works in partnership with, and accepts referrals from, the Durham District School Board, the Durham Catholic District School Board, the Ministry of Children and Youth Services and Durham Children’s Aid Society.

Durham Family Court Clinic

 Durham Youth Housing & Support Services - Joanne's House
Durham Youth Housing and Support Services addresses the needs of at-risk and homeless youth in Durham Region by working with youth and other community partners to provide opportunities for youth that will support their success. Housing and support services designed to meet the specific needs of youth. Emergency and transitional housing for youth, ages 16-24.

DYHSS - Joanne's House

 Enterphase Child & Family Services
Enterphase Child and Family Services is a residential treatment agency that works with latency and adolescent children and their families. Enterphase employs a multi-disciplinary, multi-systematic treatment model that includes family, community, residential care, Day Treatment, Individual Psychotherapy in additional to and in conjunction with Psychiatric and psychological services. The emphasis of individualized treatment plans involving varied treatment modes, i.e., play therapy, anger management, impulse control and expressive arts, are encompassed with the Enterphase Clinical Support Services. Residential and day treatment programs for children and youth between 4-18 years of age.  Referrals by Durham CAS and Metro CAS.

Enterphase Child & Family Services

 Frontenac Youth Services
Frontenac Youth Services is a non-profit Ontario Children’s Mental Health agency that provides assistance to emotionally and behaviorally disordered adolescents (12-18 years) and their families within the Durham region. Referrals by CAS, medical professionals, families and academic institutions. The agency provides a wide variety of services to the community, including: Outpatient, Residential, Day Treatment, Aftercare, Individual Therapy, Family Therapy, and Group Therapy. Dual Diagnosis programming and the Expelled Students programs are available when warranted. Generally, adolescents remain in the Day Treatment Program up to two years. In the second year, increasing time is spent integrating the adolescents back to regular school programming.

Frontenac Youth Services

 Kennedy House Youth Services
Kennedy House provides services to the Youth Justice sector, operating secure custody and detention programs. Kennedy House Youth Centre in Ajax is a 12 bed secure facility offering closed custody residential treatment programs for male youth between 12-18 years of age. Referrals from courts.

Kennedy House Youth Services

 Kinark Child & Family Services
Kinark Child and Family Services is a non-profit Ontario Children’s Mental Health agency that provides a full range of free and confidential programs and services to children and youth with mental health issues as well as support to their families/caregivers. Kinark offers a range of centre and community-based services, including: Crisis Response, Individual and Family Therapy, and Day Treatment, addition to many other types of therapeutic programs. Direct Response provides a brief intervention for families directly following a referral from Central Intake. Day treatment program for children between 0-12 years of age. Referrals by medical professionals, families and Durham CAS.

Kinark Child & Family Services

 Lake Ridge Community Support Services
Lake Ridge Community Support Services professional staff provide support to individuals, community agencies, families, educators and other professionals working with persons having a developmental disability or Autism Spectrum Disorder through the provision of treatment, educational and consultation services. Lake Ridge Community Support Services specializes in the provision of Behaviour Therapy Services (based on the science of Applied Behaviour Analysis).   

Lake Ridge Community Support Services

 Lakeridge Health Corporation
Residential/inpatient treatment program and Day treatment program for school aged clients between 12-19 years of age.  Referrals from medical professionals. The Intensive Ambulatory Program (I.A.P.) accepts referrals after an initial assessment is completed by a clinician or psychiatrist in one of the other Child, Youth and Family program components (urgent care, outpatient, intake, or in-patient). The average length of stay for this program is eight to ten weeks. Following the completion of the program, the patient is discharged with recommendations. The discharge plan is discussed throughout the course of the program in order to ensure smooth transitions and appropriate linkages.

Lakeridge Health

 Murray McKinnon Foundation
The Murray McKinnon House and the Harold McNeill House service the Region of Durham.  The Open Detention and Open Custody Homes provide short term placement for Young Persons in Conflict with the Law (12 to 17 years) who are awaiting a court appearance or service their disposition as ordered by the Youth Court. Each facility is capable of housing 9 youths (all male). Resident youths attend a school program (where appropriate) throughout the entire year. Section Classrooms, located in each of the residences are directly affiliated with the Durham District School Board. The Murray McKinnon Foundation has also opened the McKinnon Attendance Centre (MAC) in Oshawa and the Ajax Alternative Learning Centre, providing Community Based Programs, including the Reintegration Outreach Support Program and Non- Residential Attendance Centre.

Murray McKinnon Foundation

 Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences
Ontario Shores Centre offers Day and residential/inpatient treatment programs for children/adolescents between 12-21 years of age.  Referrals are centralized. Ontario Shores provides consultation, assessment, treatment, rehabilitation and transition services for individuals suffering from a serious mental illness. The interdisciplinary team includes Psychiatrists, Psychologists, Social Workers, Child and Youth Workers, Occupational Therapy, Recreational Therapy, Nursing, Medical Staff and Educational Personnel.  The Adolescent Program offers comprehensive services to children 12-18 years of age including Out Patient/Outreach Services, Day Treatment, Inpatient stabilization and rehabilitation. The Dual Diagnosis Program provides services to individuals who are developmentally delayed with a serious mental illness and who present with significant behavioural challenges.

Ontario Shores for Mental Health Sciences

 Youth Connections  
Youth Connections offers residential care and day treatment programs for boys between 8–19 years of age. They utilize a variety of therapeutic techniques to encourage healthy development. Youth Connections develops and fosters healthy relationships. They assist young people to strive towards attaining contentment and future success by recognizing and managing their emotions. Youth Connections operates Section classrooms that function in collaboration with each location. All boys begin their academic programming within those units and their re-integration to the mainstream is considered by utilizing a carefully planned pace. 

Youth Connections